Trampoline parks and jump parks have been linked to a higher percentage of total fractures among pediatric and adult patients, including lower extremity fractures, fractures in adults, open fractures and surgical fractures, than home trampolines, according to research published in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
“Recreational jump parks have gained popularity with children and adults as this business venture has skyrocketed across the U.S. over the last 5 years,” said Ryan Voskuil, MD, lead study author and orthopaedic surgeon at University of Tennessee Health Center. “The safety of jump parks is largely unknown across all ages, although it has been generally advertised as safe by jump park promoters.”
The US Consumer Safety Commission estimates more than 100,000 emergency department visits were related to trampoline use across the United States in 2014.
The study authors aimed to establish a baseline of mechanisms, injury patterns, surgical interventions, and overall severity of injuries sustained at jump parks as seen among children and adults in comparison with home trampolines. Over a 2-year period, 439 patients were identified within a university healthcare network and treated for trampoline-related injuries. Of these injuries:
- More injuries occurred on home trampolines than at jump parks (66% vs 34%). However, injuries sustained at jump parks were more severe, with 55% of those injured diagnosed with a fracture or dislocation compared with 44% on home trampolines.
- Adult and pediatric patients had higher rates of fractures or dislocations when participating at a jump park versus on a home trampoline. Adults experienced a 45% fracture rate at jump parks versus 17% on home trampolines. Children experienced a 59% fracture rate at jump parks versus 47% on home trampolines.
- Adults with jump park-related injuries were more than twice as likely to have surgery than with home trampoline-related injuries (23% vs 10%).
“The more severe injuries experienced at jump parks when compared to home trampolines may be caused by less-coordinated falls and high-flying acrobatics seen at these facilities,” said Dr. Voskuil.
“Both adults and children [who] visit jump parks should understand the risks involved before participating. The study findings could be especially helpful as an emphasis on public safety continues to be placed on injury prevention in the face of rising health care expenses.”
The authors concluded that future research is needed to further evaluate the societal and economic impact of jump park-related injuries.
Doty J, Voskuil R, Davis C, et al. Trampoline-related injuries: a comparison of injuries sustained at commercial jump parks versus domestic home trampolines. J Am Acad Orthop Surg.2019 Jan 1;27(1):23-31. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00470.